Photo by Dikaseva| sepia photography of bare trees
About Our Programme
Aims to reduce community vulnerability to the affects of climate change and land degradation and enhance their adaptive capacities through natural resource management through conservation, sustainable use of under utilized plants, value addition and market linkages in a way that protects and safeguards the environment and natural resources for both present and future generations. strategic interventions use the rights based approach, gender equity and inclusive policies.
Climate Change Response & Environment Management
The Matebeleland Enhanced Livelihood And Nutrition Adaptation (MELANA) project is being implemented by CTDO in the districts of Bubi, Umguzain Matabeleland North province and in the district of Umzingwanein Matabeleland South province where absorptive, adaptive and transformative capacities of communities are weak, leaving them vulnerable to shocks and stresses that include drought, dry spells, animal diseases, crop pests, fire outbreaks, floods, wildlife conflict, environmental degradation, HIV/Aids, diarrhoea and national economic challenges.
The overall objective of the project is to contribute to increased capacities of communities to protect development gains and achieve improved well-being outcomes in the face of shocks and stresses. This will be achieved through improving the absorptive, adaptive and transformative capacities of at-risk communities.
The specific objectives of the project are classified as results:
Result 1-Capacitate institutions in resilience planning and implementation
Result 2– Support communities to increase agricultural production and diversify their livelihoods options
Result 3– Support commercially oriented farmers to increase income levels and access more markets in a wider range of commodities
Result 4-Strengthen community social safety nets
Key achievements for the first year of the project are:
Result 1 – The development of 57 ward scenario plans. The plans were developed by the Ward Development Committees, involving the communities in a participatory approach to analyse their risks and to come up with plans that will make them more resilient. Building on these ward resilience plans, the districts then developed their consolidated resilience building plans (an enhancement of the already existing strategic development plans). Based on these plans, the districts then developed their infrastructure proposals outlining the infrastructure works the RDCs would want to undertake to build the transformative capacities. Proposals were then presented and specific projects were selected through a competitive process. The approach used by the MELANA project to stimulate innovation, especially in terms of sustainability, was a competitive one with the most innovative RDCs receiving a bonus. The infrastructure projects that have been selected and currently under construction (construction works starting in July 2017) include: 7 dip tanks, 1 sales pen, 1 animal health centre, 2 irrigation schemes, 1 piped-water scheme and 5 borehole.
Result 2 – households have been mobilised in 5 different groups: LANN, crop production, small livestock, ISALs and youth. Groups are being trained in theory and then put in practice the acquired knowledge through a demonstration. Through a competitive process, groups which come up with innovative ways of building resilience are awarded subsidies to take-up their new technology. This process which takes place over a period of 3 to 6 months per group aims at bringing out relevant technologies for resilience innovation from the community. To date, 1,026 beneficiaries have been mobilised into these groups and received trainings. Training manuals have been developed and translated into Ndebele.
In addition, a communication strategy was developed. The objective is to improve information dissemination on resilience (early warning systems, crop & livestock production, marketing) to foster mind-set change towards encouraging self-sufficiency and reduce donor dependency, to create feedback loops where communities can feed into programme development, etc. Components will include a drama series, a mobile phone app and traditional posters. 57 facilitators from the communities (Community Resilience Champions) were mobilised to facilitate the outreach of the communities.
Result 3 – One private sector company has been so far contracted.NTS/Farm Shop,was contracted end of May 2017 for agricultural inputs distribution through an innovative agro-dealer model as well as for outputs buying (maize, sorghum, etc.). Under the agreement, Farm Shop will contract 30 agencies/agro-dealers in the districts of Bubi, Umguza and Umzingwane, providing them with consignment stocks. Some of the shops will also purchase outputs from the farmers, the type depending on the commodities that Farm Shop is able to identify markets for.
Result 4 – this result targets social safety nets and will see farmers trained (see under Result 2 above) establish community seeds banks and communal granaries. In the first year, farmers received training on germ-plasm collection and profiled 12 traditional varieties of seeds (many of them which are becoming hard to access). One of them, a maize variety, was selected for its resistance to attacks by the granary weevil. These seed varieties will be bulked during the 2017/18 agricultural season.
During the implementation of the DFAT funded SELF project in Mashonaland West province, more than 95% of the inhabitants within Small Urban Centres (SUCs) have adopted good hygiene practices such as hand washing and proper solid waste disposal. Trained community members and their households are no longer practicing Open Defecation (OD) as witnessed by the number of toilets that were constructed after the triggering. All the project settlements were declared ODFZ (Open Defecation Free Zones) The use of the public toilets in all SUCs (Magunje, Zvipane, Chirundu and Siakobvu) is encouraging as more people are no longer relieving themselves in bushes or back of shops. This has resulted in a reduction in waterborne diseases.